Blockchain

Bitcoin transaction nonce reuse vulnerability

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This post aims to analyse an attack against the Bitcoin, in this attack were Found 123 vulnerable transactions and 416 private keys were recovered summing up 26.85729198 btcs (2685729198 satoshis) could have been compromised, which at this exact moment worth 166,219.51 dollars. Cryptographic concept of the attack When the nonce is reused it become vulnerable and result in a trivial equation to be solved. $$ Key=((r \times (s_1 - s_2))^{p - 2} \mod{p}) \times ((m_1 \times s_2) - (m_2 \times s_1)) \mod{p} $$ Read More...